Mansplaining, womansplaining, or just plain rude?

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credit: Kaye Blegvad

‘When You’re Accustomed to Privilege, Equality Feels Like Oppression’

I first heard that quote a couple of weeks ago and it really spoke to me. You see, I am a person who thinks a lot about women’s rights and I am occasionally met with quite hostile responses by some men.

I write about why we need feminism, the structural nature of violence against women, and I ask why only 12% of women think they are attractive (irish times) (and why we are made to believe our ‘beauty’ should even matter!)

I recently read Solnit’s ‘Men explain things to me’ in which she spoke about the concept (that she coined herself) – mansplaining.

Solnit was telling a gentleman about a book she had recently written and he smirked at her smugly ‘did you know a very important book was written on that except same subject recently’

Yes. It had. It was her bloody book you patronising moron.

You know what hurts the most? That Solnit hesitated. An educated, experienced woman who had spent years researching for a book and she didn’t immediately realise this trollop would be talking about her book. She thought ‘oh god how did I miss that a similar book has just come out.’

You see us women are very good at doubting ourselves. In Jess Phillips’ fantastic book called ‘One women’s truth about speaking the truth’ she explained that a woman wouldn’t feel qualified enough to apply for a job even if she met more than 90% of the requirements. Men on the other hand characteristically apply for jobs where they don’t even meet 50% of the criteria.

That’s not necessarily a bad thing. Confidence is key and there’s no shame in being bold. But there is a reason why women are less likely to put themselves forward, and it comes from the structural ‘shushing’ and underestimation that we receive from a minority of our male peers, which hammers in the ideas that we are ‘frauds’ in the work place and don’t feel we have a right to ask for more, or even want it.

‘Mansplaining’ is a big part of this. Lily Rothman of The Atlantic defines it as “explaining without regard to the fact that the explainee knows more than the explainer, often done by a man to a woman”

Mansplaining isn’t the same as being patronising or rude. It is called ‘mansplaining’ because it is specifically gender-related, ‘rooted in a sexist assumption that a man will normally be more knowledgeable than a woman.’

The patronizing manner of mansplaining crushes any further dialogue.

This phenomenon is something that millions upon millions of women can identify with. It is something that women experience daily. We are constantly faced with the decision of biting our tongues to avoid conflict, or to speak up against the routine silencing of women’s knowledge, which is literally going on all the time.

It doesn’t matter about our age, wealth, career, experiences: women get mansplained to all the time. It is about gender and we have experienced it for thousands of years.

Recently, someone commented on one of my blogs, complaining I was tarring all men with an unfair brush and said he experienced ‘womensplaining’ all the time at work. I’m sorry someone has been rude to him, and it really could be linked to gender, but I would argue that the term ‘womensplaining’ is laughable, and insulting to the millions of women going through mansplaining.

A woman can explain things and she can do it patronisingly. A women can be annoying and rude. A woman can be a pain in the arse.

You know what else? A man can be kind. He can be supportive, uplifting and inspirational. The vast majority of men are wonderful people. But the difference is that the small minority of men who do mansplain and underestimate women, are having a huge impact on so many people through their behaviour.

How many women have avoided using their voice because they knew they’d be laughed at and silenced? It chills me to think.

I believe that ‘womansplaining’ is an inappropriate term that goes to console men who don’t like hearing criticism and shoot back a counter word as a protective shield. Ironically, the men who are less able to accept the idea that women are disadvantaged in society, are the exact people that need to understand the reality.

Us women naturally question ourselves and doubt ourselves more than men, because society has taught us to do exactly that. A little boy will be told he’s showing leadership qualities when a little girl acting the same way will be called bossy.

A woman demanding justice in government is more likely to be called hysterical where a man would be called passionate. There is a systematic ‘shushing’ of women’s voices that needs to be addressed. It’s not just about a person being a bit rude, it’s about illegitimating women’s knowledge and structural disempowerment.

According to the Independent, ‘mansplaining’ can lead to men earning more than women and getting more promotions, and that’s something that all reasonable people want to avoid. (Independent)

The gender pay gap continues to thrive and that isn’t ok. This is largely because society has taught men to ‘overestimate their intelligence to a much greater extent than women” (American Psychological Organization)

I’m not blaming modern men, society has developed to silence women over thousands of years and many men are up to fight this just as much as women and LGBT+ people.

I am saying it’s not ok.

High status politicians and business people continue to be majority men, women continue to take on the majority of caring roles at the expense of their career and free time. We need to acknowledge that there is so much progress still to make, and that mansplaining is one of many means used to disempower and undermine women.

If this article has interested you, why not read:

Modern Slavery; an interview with a diamond dealer and the truth about your tech

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credit: weddingbee.com

I’ve always said if someone proposes to me with a diamond ring then the answer would have to be no. It would show that the person doesn’t know me at all.

2 reasons:

  1. For me, a diamond represents capitalism at its worse. Diamonds are bought relatively cheaply from the mines, and it isn’t until they are cut that they are worth so much. And where do diamonds get cut? Generally, in the West. So, as is classic with capitalist markets, the people working to get the product are paid next to nothing, the West buys it cheap then sells it for huge profit, making a few wealthy people in the West richer and richer whilst people in the mines have a daily struggle to survive.
  2. Then comes the slavery. Many of us have seen ‘Blood Diamond,’ a fiction film which explores the world of the diamond mines in Sierra Leone. It deals with very real and very serious issues. Blood diamond workers, also known as conflict diamonds workers, are slaves who work in diamond mines in areas which are controlled by rebel forces, who are against the legitimate government. The profits made from selling the diamonds goes towards weaponry and furthering their agenda of war, therefore leading to wide spread bloodshed. What’s more the conditions for slaves in mines are horrific. Many are kidnapped and tortured, beaten, raped, drugged and murdered. Many children are enslaved to dig for diamonds, particularly in African countries such as Sierra Leone, Liberia, Angola and the Republic of Congo. According to the World Bank and the United Nations approximately 3 million people have died in relation to conflict diamond mining. To me it seems gross that a man, woman or child has bled, sweat and despaired over the sparkly gem that so many of treasure on our finger. Seems weird that it’s a symbol for love and commitment as the classic engagement ring.

So. I was surprised on a recent flight from Brussels to Madrid when I got chatting to the man next to me. We spoke about society, environment and politics and we had had similar views on a lot of things. He was educated and seemed kind and concerned about equality. After a while, he mentioned that he is a gemmologist, and sources diamonds for European companies..

‘Oh.’ I said. ‘How do you find a place for your social and political beliefs in an industry that’s so heavily linked to slavery and the abuse of the developing world by the west?’

Doesn’t quite roll off the tongue, but I do like to jump straight in…

Juan took it in his stride and smiled thoughtfully. ‘I guess they never made a Hollywood film about your iPhone?’

He had a point.

You see iPhones (all smartphones and laptops in fact) contain a mineral called coltan. Meanwhile, in the last 20 years, 7 million people have died in a civil war in the democratic republic of Congo. Today, members of rebel forces as well as corrupt government soldiers enslave children in the Congo to mine minerals essential to smartphones and other technology. (Huffington Post)

With Apple, it doesn’t end there. Once the raw materials reach Asia to be processed in factories the workers’ rights are just as disgusting. Apple uses a Foxconn plant, a factory which has been described as a ‘labour camp’ by local media. Here, so many workers were trying to commit suicide by jumping out of windows, that the factory responded by putting up suicide nets to catch them as they fell. Instead of reducing working hours that are 3 times the working limit or raising pitiful wages. Workers often sleep on factory floors and never get to see the sky. But we very rarely criticise Apple for that disgusting treatment of workers, even though the CEO Tim Cook has received $570 million worth of stocks in a single year alone. (Huffington Post)(Telegraph)

Then there’s your clothes. How many were made in sweat shops? I for one don’t know where all my clothes have come from. The convenience of cheap clothes off the high street is hugely integrated into my lifestyle.

Next? Food. King prawns are hugely linked to slavery. A recent guardian investigation found that supermarkets such as Tesco, Walmart, Carrefour and Costco has sourced Cheap Thai ‘king’ prawns which have been supplied by the work of violent slave labour. (Guardian)

Juan pointed out that though he condemned any slavery within the diamond industry, and elsewhere, that I was unable to criticise his choice to work in the diamond industry whilst I owned an iPhone and ate many common types of food, and shopped in many high street stores. Sadly, slavery is as integrated into human lifestyle now than it has ever been.

In fact, slaves are cheaper now than they have ever been. We can work this out by comparing the price of a slave to the price of land, grain and livestock throughout human history. Slavery is illegal in every country in the world but there are currently more slaves right now than there were in the entire history of the transatlantic slavery. (BBC) This can be through human trafficking and sex slavery, domestic labour, and people who are tricked into ‘jobs’ in farms or factories and then are not paid or permitted to leave.

Do you ever get your car cleaned at a hand car wash? Did you wonder why it costs only 4 pounds when you have up to 5 people simultaneously working on your car? And they’re mostly foreign, right? Passports stolen, without papers or with family threatened back home, they may not have another option.

Juan explained to me that in his professional opinion the diamond industry has evolved positively in recent years. With the wars in Sierra Leone and Liberia all the biggest companies agreed to monitor and create policy for the rough diamond buying process. They now evaluate possible human rights violations to try and ensure companies aren’t involved in illegal activity such as money laundering. He told me that around 95% of diamond dealers and companies now completely refuse to work with blood diamonds. If they do, they are subject to strict international policy. This process is called the Kimberley process and you can read more about it here.

He thinks that the industry has a bad name due to Hollywood blockbusters like Blood Diamond and although it is never acceptable, there are so many industries in the modern world that violate human, animal and environmental rights. Industries such as the pharmaceutical, food, wood, mineral and textile industries have all got a lot to answer for. Juan tries to work within the second-hand market which gives him more peace of mind, and when he buys and sells within this market he feels he is contributing to create new jewels, meaning more jobs and good business for colleagues.

The conversation gave me a lot to think about, as I have always been so very anti-diamond, whilst checking my emails on an iPhone and popping to high street shops to cheaply update my wardrobe. Clearly, slavery is deeply integrated into modern society and we must do more to try and tackle this. Will it come down to governments tightening restrictions for big companies, or consumer choices forcing unethical companies out of business?

I suspect a balance between the two must be found. If you would like to know how many slaves are involved with your life you can do a quiz on slavery footprint, where you fill in some information about things your diet/lifestyle and it calculates how many slaves are working for you. Check it out here.

Currently, I’m feeling overwhelmed by all this information! If you have any ideas on how to reduce the slavery involved in your lifestyle, please write a comment on Facebook or below!

The masculinity of violence

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photo credit: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/685462005754608020/

I just popped into the bank to put some money into an account, and it ended up being a bit of a weird and uncomfortable experience. I breathed a sigh of relief as I left the hot July streets of Madrid and felt the cool whir of the air-conditioning touch my sweaty little face. I walked up to the machine.

Hey’ an angry voice said a couple of inches from my ear. I looked up in surprise to see a man of about 40 years old staring directly into my face. ‘I was here first.’

‘Oh,’ I said, genuinely surprised. ‘I’m sorry I didn’t see you’

He scoffed and elbowed me aside to get the machine.

Hey’ said a less angry and more bewildered voice, also male. It was another customer in the bank. ‘There is another machine right beside her.’

Clearly, I hadn’t pushed in after all. Man 1 mumbled something inaudible with his back to me. I repeated, ‘there’s another machine just there.’ Man 1 looked me up and down and raised his eyebrows, to show me he didn’t give a toss whether or not there was another machine, and he started using the machine he had pushed me away from. I stood there for a couple of minutes in surprise before I walked to the second machine.

Man 2 opened his mouth to say something but I shook my head at him, and smiled to show it didn’t matter. I didn’t want to ‘cause a scene’ as us women are so often accused of doing when a man exerts power over us.

Man 2 and I left the bank at the same time and he looked quite upset. ‘He was just a dickhead.’

‘Yes,’ I agreed, ‘but I don’t think that would have happened if I wasn’t a girl.’

This is a small example of a man who belittled me and made me feel I had to back down, even though the tension was caused completely by him and was not my fault. He created a problem, and then made me feel that I had to keep quiet in order to keep things running smoothly.

But you know what? Billions of women are biting their tongues and smiling at a billion stupid little things every day, and it really does get quite tedious.

What’s the big deal? Perhaps you might ask. This guy was rude, but has it really got anything to do with gender?

I would argue that yes, it absolutely does. You see, I am reading a book at the moment called ‘Men Explain Things to Me,’ by Rebecca Solnit and it is really helping me see the big picture when these small aggressive acts take place.

In her chapter called ‘The longest war’ she explains the masculinity of violence, something which no one really seems to be talking about. For fear of being called a feminazi bra burner? Perhaps. Solnit explains that there are many lovely and kind men who are allies to women. For example, Man 2 could see that something wasn’t right and he spoke up and tried to help me.

However, there is a very clear and serious link between masculinity and violence against women that needs to be addressed. Solnit explains that there is ‘a pattern of violence against women that’s broad and deep and horrific and incessantly overlooked’ and that ‘violence doesn’t have a race, class or religion, but it does have a gender.’

She explains that nearly all the perpetrators of violent crimes are men. That doesn’t mean that all men are violent. Most aren’t and many also suffer violence, though it is generally at the hands of other men. Of course, women also can be violent but the statistics do tell us that in the cases where women are involved in violence, particularly that against men, the consequences are not as grave and it rarely leads to serious injury or death. What’s more the majority of men who are killed by their female spouses are actually done so in self-defence

As Rebecca explains violence is all about exercising control over another person, showing them that you are more powerful than them. So, it is a serious human rights issue that a woman is beaten by her husband every 9 SECONDS, in America alone. Of the 2 million women that are beaten every year, 145,000 require overnight hospitalisation.

Violence is a form of control, and murder is carried out by men a shocking 90% of the time.

Like I explained, not all men are violent. Most men are kind are good and allies to women. However, it cannot be denied that violence is intrinsically linked to masculinity and if we don’t address this head on I don’t see how we can ever make progress towards a safer world for all people.

It does matter that the man in the bank pushed me away from the machine, because he was taking my power away. And, like society has taught me to do, I bit my tongue and smiled to avoid conflict, rather than recognising what he was really doing to me. He wasn’t really being rude in the bank, he was really showing me that he believed he had the right to control me and hold power over me.

Solnit explains how this kind of toxic idea that has been created in our society leads to the same death toll as for 9/11 every 3 years. But the women being murdered by men is a war on terror that we aren’t having. What’s more, this is a trap that not only disempowers women, but also traps men. We cannot really be free until we address this structural power dynamic which is effecting us all.

Thank you so much for reading. I really recommend reading the book ‘Men explains things to me,’ which was very enlightening, accessible and short. You can get it on amazon here

Travelling in Iceland if you’re Skint!

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Iceland is a beautiful country full of natural wonders. From natural hot lakes (that stink like eggs), to volcanoes, waterfalls and black volcanic beaches, it offers an unforgettable landscape for your travels.

You know what else? It’s bloody expensive.

A normal filter coffee will set you back around £8, or a small bowl of soup in a restaurant will cost about £16. Even the supermarkets will be about 4 times more expensive than you are used to, and staying in a youth hostel dormitory will cost the same as a simple but private hotel room back home.

I recently spent a week in Iceland in which my sister and I drove 1500 km around the whole country and packed our days full of cool activities and amazing nature. Being one student, and one fresh graduate living in London we had to get inventive in order to cut down costs.

Here are our top tips for surviving in Iceland on a budget:

Accommodation

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Camping – the cheapest way to stay in Iceland is to camp. Some campsites even have tents that they put up for you along with all the equipment you will need. If bringing your own luggage, bear in mind you will need to book on extra luggage. For my trip, we had one suitcase full of kit (sleeping bags, mats, the stove, a tent) and another suitcase for both of our clothes. A lot of campsites will have cooking facilities, free showers and communal areas, but not all of them. You should look up the sites on trip advisor to make sure you know what to expect.

Camping is only really feasible in summer months, because during winter Icelandic temperatures drop so low. During June, the temperatures were at about 11 degrees during the day and 4 degrees at night – so a 3-season sleeping bag is essential for a good night’s sleep.

I highly recommend the Reykjavik campsite. Powerful hot showers, a huge communal kitchen and friendly staff make it well worth the slightly higher price than more rural sites and can be used as a base to travel around the country.

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Food

It is expensive to eat out in Iceland, but even the supermarkets might give you a bit of a shock. You’re looking at £6 for a sandwich. My sister and I went to a cheap supermarket in England before we left and packed out bags with noodles, boil in the bag rice and some cheap tins of food. Bring fod that will travel well and is easy to cook and you will appreciate it later!

The cheapest supermarket in Iceland is called Bonus and has a pig on the logo, so that’s the place to go to top up supplies.

If you are eating in Reykjavik you should go to the thai restaurant called Krua Thai. Absolutely delicious, and reasonably priced at about 15 pounds each. The server was so friendly and helpful and as we don’t eat meat they replaced the meat with tofu, and charged us less! The Massaman curry was to die for, and the huge portion of Pad Thai had us waddling back to the tent.

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Transport

Bus tours tend to be expensive, although if you are short for time they can be a good way to see the highlights of the country, especially the golden circle.

However, if you want to see a lot of the country why not rent a car? We rented from Sixt which we picked up at the airport. It has terrible online reviews but we actually found the service great. For 160 quid, we rented a Chevrolet Spark for a week and had no problems with scratches. However, they did have limited mileage of 1400 km so we ended up having to pay for the extra miles.

We paid top insurance at 188 euros (150 quid) which meant that we only had to leave a deposit of around 100 pounds and didn’t have to worry about something going wrong. Do not scrimp on insurance because if you get a small scratch it can cost you hundreds of pounds. Altogether it cost us about 300 quid for 8 days transport in which we travelled the whole country, for me it was totally worth it and made it easier to travel between campsites and check out free and cheap activities.

If you are driving, you must have headlights on 24/7 and remember they drive on the right side of the road!

Hitchhiking is a cheap/free alternative but you should always be with at least one other person and need to bear in mind it will take a lot longer to get around so you should only do this if you have loose plans/a lot of time to spare.

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Activities

The famous natural hot lakes of Iceland are unmissable, but I would recommend avoiding the blue lagoon as it is expensive and crowded. Myvatin nature baths are around half the price and do student deals for around £20. Once you get used to the eggy smell you can happily relax and swim in hot water surrounded by mountains.

WARNING: do NOT enter hot lakes when you are out in the countryside. The reason you pay to enter lakes is because they have to be constantly cooled. Tourists jumping into unknown hot lakes have been known to die from their burns.

Hiking and exploring doesn’t need to cost a bunch. People pay hundreds to get guided tours of nature but there are loads of things you can check out for free. All of these suggestions can be found on the number 1 ring road which can be driven in a week

  • Grabrok Volcanic Crater can be climbed in under an hour and has stunning views
  • Black beaches at Vik are striking and home to lots of puffins
  • Jokusarlon lagoon is a lake with floating icebergs, amazing photo op
  • Godafoss waterfall (when the Viking leader decided to finally accept the new Christian god he took his little sculptures of the Viking gods and threw them into this breath-taking waterfall)
  • More examples of things to do on the ring road can be found on this fab article

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We also really loved the folk museum between Borgarnes y Akureyri which was about 8 pounds to enter (and looked like a falling down village hall from the outside). We were the only people in that day so the man who worked at reception walked round with us and was so knowledgeable, telling us interesting anecdotes about the shark catching equipment and other artifacts which blew us away (and made us very glad we don’t like in ancient Iceland – bloody hard life)

Hope you found this helpful! Don’t hesitate with any questions

Religion and Sexism: Does Christianity Oppress Women and Girls?

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Whether religions oppress women and uphold the patriarchal system is a long debated and sensitive subject. Until recently, I was certain that Christianity was a sexist religion. I saw how powerful positions in the church are almost exclusively held by men, how the bible presents male protagonists and heroes and frames women as passive objects rather than subjects.

Most importantly, I stayed in Arkansas for a time with my ex-boyfriend who was born and raised in the bible belt, and this is where I had experienced most of my interaction with the Christian faith.

In churches packed to the rafters with ‘god loving people’ who had been up taking drugs until 4am and then crowded into the church a few hours later. Churches where lightening sound effects where played alongside bible readings and where people vehemently loved and respected Donald Trump and God in almost equal abundance.  Staying in a community where men were more highly valued than women, I remember my ex-boyfriend telling me god had a reason for everything. ‘The fact that one in three women are sexually assaulted?’ I asked. ‘What is the reason for that?’

‘Well, I guess it will teach those women not to put themselves in that position again.’

I got up from the table so quickly that glasses went flying. ‘Fuck you.’ I said, with calm rage, left my ex with his mother and friends at the table and locked myself in his pickup truck in protest. In hind’s sight that wasn’t the most mature way to handle my rage but I felt an anger and indignation so strong that in those moments I thought all Christians and all churches a hoax designed to control and abuse women and girls.

The photo featured in this article is of Juan Jose Tamayo, a well-known academic in the world of politics and religion, and my lecturer for a module about conflict and religion. In a recent talk he gave about his latest book: Religion, the Patriarchy and Violence he explained the links between patriarchy and various religions, including Christianity.

He is a good man and engaging speaker who explained that religion systematically disempowers women and girls through the hierarchical structure of the church, which objectifies and oppresses women. He thinks the global patriarchal system has been largely created through the ‘sacredness’ of masculinity presented by the Christian Church. He criticises the religious principles within gender discourse, including patriarchal language and misogynistic organization of religious institutions.

He had some excellent points and I do agree that powerful positions in the church are almost exclusively held by men throughout different Christian denominations. This reflects a structural disempowerment of women within the church, as does the suggestion by the bible that women are the root of evil, through the actions of Eve in the garden of Eden.

I now want to speak to you about Evan. He is my classmate for the politics and religion module I take with Juan and we have had various discussions and debates over a falafel wrap and can of Fanta.

Evan loves God, unreservedly and wholeheartedly. He told me a quote that he thinks sums up the issues of religion and the oppression of women. ‘The worst day in the history of Christianity was when it became the official religion of the Roman Empire.’ He thinks that Christianity still hasn’t recovered from being abused and manipulated by the Roman Emporers, though he is a devout Christian and part of the Anglican Church.

Evan believes that the bible is radically feminist. He explained how Christianity comes from ancient Judaism, in which women where undervalued and presented as lesser. But when Jesus is resurrected in the bible, he is found by 2 women. This is radical, he told me, because it comes in a time where the word of women was disregarded and women where not viewed as trustworthy. But the fact that two women saw Jesus come back from the dead, which is the basis for all the Christian denominations, shows that the bible values women far more than previous religions and at the time was a huge step forward for the place of women in society.

Evan also explained to me that he does not masturbate or watch porn, and that he is waiting to marry before having sex. ‘Oh come on’ I said. ‘How can touching yourself be immoral. It’s between you and yourself! It doesn’t hurt anyone and it feels good, so what!’

He smiled and handed me the Fanta. ‘Well, from my point of view when you watch porn or touch yourself it leads you to change the way you look at women. Unintentionally and subconsciously I believe it leads to a sexualisation of women which is degrading and wrong. You go into the street and you see women as objects to be enjoyed, and have a fake expectation of sex and the female body which is harmful and leads to a culture of misogyny and rape.’

I told him about my experiences in Arkansas, where going to church was more about a status symbol than any real connection or love of God, and where I felt like a delicate creature to be protected and controlled rather than an individual with intelligence or personality.

‘Look, I think you have to bear in mind that religion is intrinsically tied up with hypocrisy. That isn’t true Christianity. Christianity isn’t about praying the loudest or the number of times you show up to church. Ever since Christianity became the official religion of Rome it has been wrapped up in power dynamics and hierarchy which of course can disregard women or the LGBT+ community. 300 years before the Roman Church hijacked and changed Christianity, it was always a religion that stood for peace and moral values, today much of what we call ‘religion’ is actually a shadow of those misguided Roman Emperors who used Christianity to meet their own needs and greed, and it gives a bad name to good humble Christians who want to celebrate their love for their Creator’

Evan explained how he thinks Christianity itself is a beautiful and respectful religion, but that modern day institutions have developed over thousands of years to concentrate power and wealth into the hands of a few straight white men, particularly the catholic church. However, this isn’t the fault of God, Christianity or the Bible, but rather more the actions of humans.

I think a true Christian has a relationship between God and himself or herself, and the denomination you belong to shouldn’t matter. The basic principles of Christianity are about love and peace and like Evan explained, they have been warped throughout thousands of years of misinterpretation, power and politics.

My opinion, after speaking to both Juan and Evan is that Christianity itself is not patriarchal nor does it oppress women. However, with countless denominations interpreting the bible in different ways and particularly the hierarchical system found within the Roman Catholic Church, women and girls are inevitably oppressed and silenced in some circumstances, just like they are systematically abused in other religions and non-religious communities. Sexism is a human problem, rather than a Christian one and although some ‘Christian’ communities undoubtedly use their religion as an excuse by which to mistreat women and girls I do believe that this is a disservice to the many kind and humble Christians who value all in society equally.

Christianity doesn’t oppress women, humanity does. Religion is a tool by which some people reinforce the existing patriarchal system, but it is not the system itself.

Terrorism in the West; you don’t have to be afraid.

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The threat of terrorism is a terrifying thought. It’s in the name.

An act of terrorism is specifically designed to frighten as many people as possible, and therefore it hurts far more people than those who are killed or injured directly in an attack.

It is a tragic waste of life, and the loss of brothers, sisters, mothers and friends can never be made light of.

With the recent attacks in Manchester and Westminster we are all shocked. Of course it is natural to be afraid when you know there are individuals living in our communities, shopping at the local Tesco’s and sharing our public transport who are poorly or evil enough to hurt people that they don’t know, and who are seemingly unable to protect themselves.

At concerts, on the tube, in the street… it is a sickening thought that you can go from oblivious normality to a nightmare in seconds.

Sometimes I feel truly frightened to know that I live in an age where people will blow themselves up to make a misguided point. I’m here to tell you, we don’t have to be crippled by that fear.

There have always been bad people, and there has always been senseless killing. When my Dad was growing up, the troubles in Northern Ireland were the backdrop to the death of over 3,600 people. My grandmother lived through the second world war where she lost her darling fiancé Lionel. 60 million people lost their lives.

My great grandmother’s lifetime coincides with the 1st world war, 50 million casualties, and 17 million dead.

Obesity, poverty and traffic accidents all pose a greater threat to us than terrorism in the West, but we don’t shake when we enter the car or shudder as we walk past the confectionary aisle.

Death and tragedy is a part of the human landscape, but we are blessed to live in a time of great medical advancement where we can expect to live a longer lifetime than any of our previous generations throughout 6 million year of human history. In Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq, Western intervention has slaughtered hundreds of thousands of innocent people, and just 51 days ago our very own Theresa May was in Saudi Arabia negotiating arms trade with the people who supply weaponry to ISIS.

The loss of innocent people in the Manchester and Westminster attacks is heart-breaking and can never be forgotten, but don’t let those few radicalised people keep you locked in a prison of fear.

Look back throughout human history and you’ll see that a 21st century westerner is living in comparative safety and comfort, despite the many social and political problems we face. The aim of a terrorist is to frighten, don’t let them win. We have a better chance of a long and happy life than billions upon billions of people before us, and the billions living in poverty and warzones in the global South to this day.

Condemn terrorism. Hate it. But you don’t have to be afraid.

 

‘Drink my Semen’: The rise in internet abuse, what the hell is going on?

 

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We have all seen shocking and insulting comments on social media: either threatening, humiliating or insulting celebrities, politicians and ordinary people alike. I’m not talking about a meme comparing Theresa May to the Wicked Witch of the West (love that one), or somebody calling Donald Trump a twat. I’m talking big scale.

Families setting up memorial pages for lost children being goaded, young people committing suicide after online bullying, activists receiving rape and death threats.

Last night I wrote a comment on a national geographic post, very calmly and lightly suggesting that attacking the Chinese as ‘barbarians’ for eating dog meat might be hypocritical if you eat meat of other animals. Check it out here:

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As you can see, nearly 2 thousand people liked the comment, but it generated a really vicious and uncalled for response. Hundreds of people supported me, but many also called me ‘an uneducated loser’ a ‘piece of shit’ and, incredibly, somebody managed to access my Facebook and leave comments on my page telling me I am ‘a pampered little girl who looks down on the world’ and suggested I should drink his semen to cure myself of this superiority.

What the hell is going on?

I’m calm about it, I know that trolls thrive on distress so I deleted, blocked and moved on. But it got me thinking about the amount of hate and abuse that takes root on Facebook; WHY?

Celebrities often being called terrible things, sure they choose to live in the limelight but even activists, politicians and completely ordinary people are abused with threats of rape and murder.

This kind of online abuse is considered a criminal offence, but according to a BBC article only 2 people have ever been jailed in the UK for online comments. Considering the huge number of threats and hate speech online, that’s pretty extraordinary.

It’s hard to arrest people for the things that they say, because freedom of speech is a fundamental human right, and it can also be difficult to identify trollers who have various online identities. Pschology today describes how trollers feel anonymous online, and are disinhibited by this sense of security,, causing a vicious cycle of verbal abuse.

The independent suggested that trollers live double lives, not viewing the online comments as part of reality, and that when they turn off their computers they leave that hate and abuse behind. After all,  this kind of behaviour would never be tolerated in the real world.

Kind of scary right? How many of our friends and family members might have written a rape threat this week to someone standing up for their political believes? Hard to imagine, but its happening.

I’m not sure I’m having that. It’s more than anonymity, its more than thoughtless words. If someone could say something so hateful and hurtful, it’s come from a messed up and dark place that doesn’t go away if the wifi cuts out.

Live Science did a study recently which proved that internet trolling is less about disinhinitions and disassociation, but is actually a highly attractive game to sadists and psychopaths. A spokesperson said ‘Sadists just want to have fun… and the internet is their playground.’ The online abuse is targeted at vulnerable people to hurt and distress, and has led to suicides of young people in some circumstances.

With the younger generations increasingly finding their reality in social media, it’s not just pressures of beauty and body size we should be worried about. It seems to me we have young people finding the worlds of social media and ‘real life’ increasingly overlapping, whilst some internet trolls continue viewing social media as a safe stage in which to carry out abusive behaviour without consequences. It’s true, they probably won’t feel the consequences, that’s because they are displaced onto young and vulnerable people. I think that trolling does matter, and it is a real form of abuse that needs to be tackled. If not for us, think of the children and young people that you love and how they’d react to taunting and bullying.

NB: I didn’t want to leave you guys on too dark a note. So, listen. An openly gay US senator recently got abusive tweets calling him a fag from a fake profile. He managed to work out which phone number was joined to the account and ended up having a conversation with the grandmother of the young boy who had sent the message. He was totally busted, the little jerk. Check it out here. In fact, the name for people that expose the identity of trollers to their friends and family are called ‘Troll Busters’ and by working out who the accounts belong to have led to firings, arrests and a whole lot of shame! Troll Busters, it’s like buffy the vampire slayer for the 21st century and it’s awesome.